The St. Peter’s Basilica is one of the holiest Catholic shrines. Designed by Bramante, Michelangelo, Bernini and Maderno, it’s the largest church in the World. The construction was completed in 1626. It’s situated in the Vatican City, the papal enclave within Rome.
The Basilica is dedicated to St. Peter, because it’s said that is the burial site of the chief apostle and first bishop of Rome. Both the exteriors and the interiors of the Basilica are incredibly elaborated. This is for sure of the masterpieces of the Renassaince.
The statues inside are stunning and you should really spend some time to admire all of them. The most famous one, however, is for sure the Pietà by Michelangelo. The sculpture, in Carrara marble, represents the body of Jesus on the lap of his mother Mary after the crucifixion. In this interpretation, Jesus has a very serene face and it doesn’t show signs of the Passion. Mary, on the other hand, is extremely young to be the mother of a 33-year old.
Dress modestly to visit St. Peter’s Basilica. It’s a holy site, so you cannot enter wearing shorts or tank tops. Wear something non-revealing that covers your shoulders and your knees. It would be a pity to not visit the Basilica because of your clothes!
How to get there
Metro: Line A (Red Line) – stop “Ottaviano”
General admission: Free
To climb to the top of the Dome:
- Option 1 (Lift + 320 steps): 8€
- Option 2 (551 steps): 6€
- October – March: 7 am – 6:30 pm
- April – September: 7 am – 7 pm
The dome opens at 8 am and closes one hour before the Basilica.